Kratom is generally acknowledged to be one of the milder examples of psychoactive substances currently legal in (most of) the United States, both by effect and addictive strength. Indeed, at least one reviewer (David DiSalvo of the Daily Brain, who prefaced his review of the substance by a discussion of it in his contribution to Forbes online) noted that withdrawal symptoms from it were so weak that his withdrawal symptoms from caffeine were much more remarkable. As such, it is generally considered safe for usage by most people—save in the usual mitigating circumstances where precaution is advised, of course, e.g. in case of pregnancy or compromised health.
That being said, kratom is still a psychoactive substance, which means it can still be abused. There are in fact cases of compulsive kratom usage recorded, but it has been fortunate that none have had the fatalities involved in abuse of most other psychoactives, perhaps due to its mildness. The greatest dangers from kratom usage, in fact, stem from the addition of other substances, whether illicit or not. Combinations of kratom with sedatives or stimulants are widely discouraged (although more so the former), as they can have adverse results. In fact, it is advised to take kratom pure, as a leaf (fresh or dried) and not an extract (which can have synthetics mixed into it), and without adding other psychoactives or drugs to the mix. Opiates, benzodiazepines, and moderate to large amounts of liquor are strongly discouraged in particular, as are MAO inhibitor drugs—the last actually claimed to result in fatalities due to the chemistry involved.
Besides taking kratom by itself, one may further ensure the safety of one’s kratom usage by watching the amounts one takes and the frequency with which one consumes the herb. Kratom is typically active for beginners at doses as low as 5 or 6 grams, so taking double that dose from the start would be ill-advised. Smart usage of any psychoactive substance has to be infrequent and closely monitored such that it remains at the beginner’s dosage. Once you find yourself needing more than, say, 7g to achieve the same effect, you may want to stop usage altogether for 2 weeks. This should regulate your tolerance to the substance so that it never reaches unwise levels.
Acquaint yourself with some rules that cover safe usage of kratom, ketum, or mitragyna speciosa. Knowing about these guidelines can protect you from potential dangers or errors involved in using this generally mild herb.